ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH Asia 2013)
Eder Miguel, Rasmus Tamstorf, Derek Bradley, Sara C. Schvartzman, Bernhard Thomaszewski, Bernd Bickel, Wojciech Matusik, Steve Marschner, Miguel A. Otaduy
Force-deformation measurements of cloth exhibit significant hysteresis, and many researchers have identified internal friction as the source of this effect. However, it has not been incorporated into computer animation models of cloth. In this paper, we propose a model of internal friction based on an augmented reparameterization of Dahl’s model, and we show that this model provides a good match to several important features of cloth hysteresis even with a minimal set of parameters. We also propose novel parameter estimation procedures that are based on simple and inexpensive setups and need only sparse data, as opposed to the complex hardware and dense data acquisition of previous methods. Finally, we provide an algorithm for the efficient simulation of internal friction, and we demonstrate it on simulation examples that show disparate behavior with and without internal friction.